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  • LFTRs in 5 minutes Thorium Reactors YouTube

    Mar 10, 2012· A short video of Kirk Sorensen taking us through the benefits of Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors, a revolutionary liquid reactor that runs not on uranium, b.

  • Author: Ross C.
  • Thorium-based nuclear power Wikipedia

    OverviewPossible benefitsBackground and brief historyPossible disadvantagesThorium-based nuclear power projectsWorld sources of thoriumTypes of thorium-based reactorsSee also

    The World Nuclear Association explains some of the possible benefits The thorium fuel cycle offers enormous energy security benefits in the long-term—due to its potential for being a self-sustaining fuel without the need for fast neutron reactors. It is therefore an important and potentially viable technology that seems able to contribute to building credible, long-term nuclear energy scenarios.

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  • Kirk Sorensen Updates His Molten Salt Reactor Company

    Oct 18, 2020· Kirk Sorensen has been a leader in promoting thorium energy, molten salt nuclear reactors and the liquid fluoride thorium reactor. Kirk formed the company Flibe Energy back in 2011. Nextbigfuture spoke with Kirk frequently when Kirk blogged at Energy from Thorium. Kirk presented his latest update on work towards a Molten Salt Reactor.

  • Molten Salt Reactors (incl Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor

    A Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) is a type of Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) that can use inexpensive Thorium for fuel (thorium becomes uranium inside the reactor). A slightly different type of MSR can consume the uranium/plutonium waste from solid-fueled reactors as fuel. MSRs make no long-term nuclear waste (over 99% of the fuel is

  • OP-ED: Solving climate change with thorium molten-salt

    Jun 22, 2020· A thorium-based molten salt reactor (also known as Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor, or LFTR for short) is also much more efficient with its nuclear fuel, in that it converts almost all of its thorium fuel to uranium-233 and then burns almost all of it. By comparison, a light water reactor utilizes only a tiny percentage of its uranium-235/238

  • Thorium As Nuclear Fuel: the good and the bad

    What Are The Key Benefits of Thorium?Are There Any Additional Benefits of Thorium?What Are The Downsides of Thorium?Proliferation IssuesMolten Salt ReactorsSee AlsoReferences1. Thorium cycles exclusively allow thermal breeder reactors (asopposed to fast breeders). More neutrons are released per neutronabsorbed in the fuel in a traditional (thermal) type of reactor. This means that if the fuel isreprocessed, reactors could be fueled without mining any additionalU-235 for reactivity boosts, which means the nuclear fuel resources on Earth can be extended by 2orders of magnitude without some of the complications of fast reactors. Thermal breeding is perhapsbest suit.
  • Is Thorium the Fuel of the Future to Revitalize Nuclear

    Aug 13, 2019· First, thorium-232 and uranium-233 are added to fluoride salts in the reactor core. As fission occurs, heat and neutrons are released from the core and absorbed by the surrounding salt.

  • The case for Thorium. 9. Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors

    Jul 06, 2020· Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors are earthquake safe, only gravity needed for safe shutdown. Molten Salt Thorium Reactors are earthquake safe. Thorium reactors have a very simple and compact design where gravity is the only thing needed to stop the nuclear reaction.

  • The case for Thorium. 9. Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors

    Jul 06, 2020· Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors are earthquake safe, only gravity needed for safe shutdown. Molten Salt Thorium Reactors are earthquake safe. Thorium reactors have a very simple and compact design where gravity is the only thing

  • The Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) Thorium MSR

    The Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) While the LFTR reactor design is one out of many possible concepts for molten salt reactors, it is further detailed here because it is an example of a true “thorium-MSR” (MSR using thorium fuel) and therefore comes with the full benefits of molten salt reactors and the thorium fuel cycle.

  • LFTR Overview Energy From Thorium

    Interest in liquid-fluoride reactors with dissolved nuclear fuel is also present at the industrial level with the formation of Flibe Energy in 2011. Flibe Energy is pursuing a design called a liquid-fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR), which is a modern variant of the work initiated at Oak Ridge during their research into molten-salt reactors.

  • Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors Stanford University

    Surrounding the main reactor chamber would be a blanket chamber of thorium tetra-fluoride in a carrier salt. [1] Excess neutrons from the main reactor would get absorbed by thorium atoms in the blanket, which then transmute into U-233. This U-233 is then chemically separated from the blanket salt and used as fuel. [2] Introduction

  • Thorium World Nuclear Association

    The thorium-fuelled MSR variant is sometimes referred to as the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR), utilizing U-233 which has been bred in a liquid thorium salt blanket. g Safety is achieved with a freeze plug which if power is cut allows the fuel to drain into subcritical geometry in a catch basin.

  • A Brief History of the Liquid-Fluoride Reactor Thorium

    Apr 22, 2006· Thorium is plentiful and the resources available would fuel planetary energy production for thousands of years. The DOE recently disposed of a stockpile of 3216 metric tonnes of thorium nitrate that if burned in liquid-fluoride reactors would provide all US energy (electricity and transportation) needs for five years.

  • What is thorium and how does it generate power? Nuclear

    Nov 01, 2011· A completely different approach being explored in China and America is the liquid fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR or "lifter"). This technology was developed to

  • Update on the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor projects in

    Oct 11, 2016· The Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor is a type of Molten Salt Reactor. Molten Salt Reactors are Generation IV nuclear fission reactors that use molten salt as either the primary reactor coolant or as the fuel itself; they trace their origin to a series of experiments directed by Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the ‘50s and ‘60s.

  • The Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) Thorium MSR

    The Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) While the LFTR reactor design is one out of many possible concepts for molten salt reactors, it is further detailed here because it is an example of a true “thorium-MSR” (MSR using thorium fuel) and therefore comes with the full benefits of molten salt reactors and the thorium fuel cycle.

  • Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors. The Scientific Gamer

    Jul 18, 2012· LFTR stands for liquid fluoride thorium reactor. LFTRs are an example of both generation IV reactors in other words, future nuclear reactors which prioritise safety and reduction of waste products but which are still in the design/experimental phase and molten salt reactors. MSRs, and by inference LFTRs, use a radically different design

  • “NuclearHistory” exposes the unpleasant facts about liquid

    Mar 05, 2020· Some people believe that liquid fluoride thorium reactors, which would use a high temperature liquid fuel made of molten salt, would be significantly safer than current generation reactors. However, such reactors have major flaws. There are serious safety issues associated with the retention of fission products in the fuel, and it is not clear these

  • The First Thorium Salt Reactors in Over 40 Years Were Just

    Molten salt reactors use fluoride salts under low pressures as a coolant for the nuclear reaction. Dissolving the thorium salts into this molten liquid and irradiating it with neutrons to kick off the transmutation is one way to extract energy from the process.

  • A Brief History of the Liquid-Fluoride Reactor Thorium

    Apr 22, 2006· Thorium is plentiful and the resources available would fuel planetary energy production for thousands of years. The DOE recently disposed of a stockpile of 3216 metric tonnes of thorium nitrate that if burned in liquid-fluoride reactors would provide all US energy (electricity and transportation) needs for five years.

  • Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors have Passive and Inherent

    Jan 17, 2012· No high pressure to contain, so there is no risk of pressure containment explosively failing. In any design of Molten Salt Reactor, there is no coolant boiling away. “A signature safety feature of the LFTR design is that the coolant — liquid fluoride salt — is not under pressure. The fluoride salt does not boil below 1400 degrees Celsius.

  • Fact-check: Five claims about thorium made by Andrew Yang

    Dec 18, 2019· Claim: The waste from thorium reactors would be easier to deal with than waste from today’s uranium reactors. False. A comprehensive study from the US Energy Department in 2014 found that waste from thorium-uranium fuel cycles has similar radioactivity at 100 years to uranium-plutonium fuel cycles, and actually has higher waste radioactivity at 100,000 years.

  • Don't believe thorium nuclear reactor hype

    Again, the first reason is time. Although there are current designs that could be established in 10 to 15 years, the most favoured design the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) is estimated to have, for a significant deployment, a lead time of 40 to 70 years.

  • Thorium Investing Energy and Capital

    The liquid-fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR), a type of molten salt reactor, is being touted by many as the best solution to thorium-powered nuclear energy. In these types of reactors, thorium and uranium fluorides are combined into a salt mixture that’s heated to a molten substance, which is then used to fuel the reactor.

  • A Thorium-Salt Reactor Has Fired Up for the First Time in

    Aug 22, 2017· The first experiment is on a setup called a molten-salt fast reactor, which burns thorium salt and in theory should also be able to consume spent

  • Fluoride Action Network Funding for thorium molten salt

    LFTR is a molten-salt reactor design that can utilize thorium more effectively and efficiently than ever before. Thorium becomes Earth’s most abundant stored energy resource when used in the LFTR. The salts used in the LFTR are combinations of lithium fluoride and beryllium fluoride

  • Thorium power has a protactinium problem Bulletin of the

    Aug 06, 2018· In the late 1960s, a team at Oak Ridge National Laboratory designed a Molten Salt Breeder Reactor fueled by thorium and uranium dissolved in fluoride salts, but it could only breed uranium 233 by continuously removing impurities—including protactinium 233—from the reactor core.

  • Is Thorium the Fuel of the Future to Revitalize Nuclear

    Aug 13, 2019· First, thorium-232 and uranium-233 are added to fluoride salts in the reactor core. As fission occurs, heat and neutrons are released from the core and absorbed by the surrounding salt.

  • Fluoride Action Network Thorium reactors: Asgard’s fire

    Thorium can thus be burned in a conventional reactor along with enriched uranium or plutonium to provide the necessary neutrons. But a better way is to turn the element into its fluoride, mix that with fluorides of beryllium and lithium to bring its melting-point down from 1,110ºC to a more tractable 360ºC, and melt the mixture.

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